Even before year 1925, measures were taken for efficient administration and for supervision of administrative works of Hindu Religious Charitable Institutions. Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Board was established in year 1925. Hindu temples, Charitable Endowments and Holy Mutts were supervised by Board. Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Board was abolished in 1951, paving way for functioning as a Government Department. Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Act that was in force from 1951 encountered certain difficulties during implementation. In order to rectify se and integrate various amendments, Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Act 22/1959 was enacted in year 1959. This Act came into force from 01.01.1960. Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Act 1959 underwent amendments suitable for needs from time to time. Through this Act, it was enabled to supervise temples and charitable endowments by widening administration and defining jurisdiction of powers of Commissioner and Subordinate Officers.
Under Tamil Nadu Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Act 1959 (amended Act 39/1996,) an officer in cadre of Indian Administrative Service is appointed and functions as Commissioner of Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Department. Commissioner is heading general administration and all activities of Department. re are totally 2409 sanctioned posts which include posts of Commissioner, Officers, sub-ordinate Officers, Executive Officers, Officers on deputation, Office Assistants, Drivers, Watchmen and Scavengers in administration of this department. At present re are 1336 employees working in this department. At Headquarters following Officers are assisting Commissioner.
|S.No||Cadre||No. of Officers||Department|
|1||Special Officers (Temple Lands) /(District Revenue Officer cadre )||2||Revenue Department|
|2||Superintending Engineer||1||Highways Department / Public Works Department|
|3||Executive Engineer||1||Highways Department / Public Works Department|
|4||Assistant Divisional Engineer||1||Highways Department / Public Works Department|
|5||Assistant Engineer||2||Highways Department / Public Works Department|
|6||Assistant Engineer (Electrical)||1||Electricity Department|
|7||Senior Draughting Officer||1||Highways Department / Public Works Department|
|8||Junior Draughtsman||2||Highways Department/Public Works Department|
|9||Draughtsman||2||Highways Department/Public Works Department|
|10||Senior Accounts Officer||1||Treasuries Department|
|11||Assistant Accounts Officer||1||Treasuries Department|
|12||Chief Audit Officer||1||Finance Department, (Deputy Secretary cadre)|
above mentioned Officers are assisting Commissioner rendering support in administration of Head Office and Subordinate Offices, establishment of employees, management and administration of temples, establishment of temple employees, renovations, court cases, auditing, etc.
For administrative convenience, administration of this Department has been divided into 11 regions and 28 divisions. Each region is administered by a Joint Commissioner and each division is administered by an Assistant Commissioner. details are as below:
|1||Joint Commissioner, Chennai||1. Assistant Commissioner,Chennai||Chennai District|
|2||Joint Commissioner, Vellore||2. Assistant Commissioner, Thiruvallur||Thiruvallur District|
|3. Assistant Commissioner, Kancheepuram||Kancheepuram District|
|4. Assistant Commissioner, Vellore||Vellore District|
|3||Joint Commissioner, Salem||5. Assistant Commissioner, Dharmapuri||Dharmapuri District and Krishnagiri District|
|6. Assistant Commissioner, Salem||Salem District|
|7. Assistant Commissioner, Namakkal||Namakkal District|
|4||Joint Commissioner, Coimbatore||8. Assistant Commissioner, Coimbatore||Coimbatore District and Nilgiris District|
|9. Assistant Commissioner, Erode||Erode District|
|10. Assistant Commissioner, Tiruppur||Tiruppur District|
|5||Joint Commissioner, Thanjavur||11. Assistant Commissioner, Thanjavur||Thanjavur District (Except Thiruvidaimarudur and Kumbakonam Taluks)|
|12. Assistant Commissioner, Nagapattinam||Nagapattinam District (Except Sirkali, Mayiladuthurai and Tharangambadi Taluks)|
|13. Assistant Commissioner, Thiruvarur||Thiruvarur District|
|6||Joint Commissioner, Mayiladuthurai||14. Assistant Commissioner, Kumbakonam||Thiruvidaimaruthur, Kumbakonam Taluks in Thanjavur District and Mayiladuthurai, Sirkali and Tharangambadi Taluks in Nagapattinam District|
|7||Joint Commissioner, Villupuram||15. Assistant Commissioner, Cuddalore||Cuddalore District|
|16. Assistant Commissioner, Villupuram||Villupuram District|
|17. Assistant Commissioner, Thiruvannamalai||Thiruvannamalai District|
|8||Joint Commissioner, Tiruchirappalli||18. Assistant Commissioner, Tiruchirappalli||Tiruchirappalli District|
|19. Assistant Commissioner, Ariyalur||Perambalur District and Ariyalur District|
|20. Assistant Commissioner, Pudukottai||Pudukottai District|
|21. Assistant Commissioner, Karur||Karur District|
|9||Joint Commissioner, Madurai||22. Assistant Commissioner, Madurai||Madurai District|
|23. Assistant Commissioner, Dindigul||Dindigul District and ni District|
|10||Joint Commissioner, Sivagangai||24. Assistant Commissioner, Virudhunagar||Virudhunagar District|
|25. Assistant Commissioner, Paramakudi||Sivagangai District and Ramanathapuram District|
|11||Joint Commissioner, Tirunelveli||26. Assistant Commissioner, Tirunelveli||Tirunelveli District|
|27. Assistant Commissioner, Thoothukudi||Thoothukudi District|
|28.Assistant Commissioner, Nager Kovil||Kanniyakumari District|
Besides, re are 224 Inspectors serving as field officers at Taluk level.
To assist Joint Commissioner/ Executive Officer of Palani Arulmigu Dhandayuthapaniswamy Temple, re is a Deputy Commissioner and a Personal Assistant in cadre of Assistant Commissioner. 5 Personal Assistant posts in cadre of Assistant Commissioner have been created in temples at Tiruchendur, Madurai, Srirangam, Rameshwaram and Tiruttani where executive officers are in cadre of Joint commissioner. 5 Personal Assistants are serving in se posts.
To appraise jewels, ornaments, and valuables of temples re are six Deputy Commissioners and four Assistant Commissioners working as Verification Officers in regions of Joint Commissioners.
Two Deputy Chief Audit Officers, 19 Regional Audit Officers and 28 Assistant Audit Officers are assisting Chief Audit Officer in auditing accounts of Hindu Religious Institutions. Eight Senior Accounts Officers in cadre of Regional Audit Officers are assisting Executive Officers in cadre of Joint Commissioner in eight temples.
At Headquarters, re is an Engineering Wing consisting of one Superintending Engineer, one Executive Engineer, one Assistant Divisional Engineer, Two Assistant Engineers, one Assistant Engineer (Electrical), one Senior Draughting Officer, Two Junior Draughtsmen and two Draughtsmen to facilitate renovation works in Religious Institutions by preparing estimates for supervision and for recording measurements. In every Joint Commissioner's Office re is an Assistant Divisional Engineer and a Draughtsman (except Vilupuram Joint Commissioner's Office). In every Assistant Commissioner's Office re is an Assistant Engineer to carryout renovation works.
re are 3 posts of Executive Engineers, one each for Joint Commissioner regions of Trichy, Salem and Madurai, and 3 posts of Assistant Engineers (Electrical) one each for Joint Commissioner regions at Trichy, Salem and Madurai.
Apart from se, 8 Engineers are working in Palani, Samayapuram, Madurai, Tiruttani, Bannari, Marudamalai, Anaimalai and Alagarkoil temples, to facilitate renovation and construction works by preparing estimates, supervision, etc.
In order to carry out Tiruppani works at Chennai, Trichy, Madurai and Salem Joint Commissioner's region, re are 4 Senior Draughtsmen posts in Arulmigu Subramaniaswamy Temple, Tiruttani, Arulmigu Mariamman Temple, Samayapuram, Arulmigu Meenakshi Sundareswarar Temple, Madurai, and Arulmigu Arthanareeswarar Temple, Tiruchencode.
In order to carry out Tiruppani works at Joint Commissioner's region of Chennai, Trichy, Madurai and Salem re are 4 Draughtsman posts in Arulmigu Lakshiminarasimhaswamy Temple, Sholingar, Arulmigu Thayumanaswamy Temple, Rockfort, Trichy, Arulmigu Kallalagar Temple, Azhagarkoil, Arulmigu Anjaneyarswamy Temple, Nammakkal.
Based on significance, revenue, assets and or activities of temples, following posts of Executive Officers have been sanctioned for administration and supervision of religious institutions.
|S. No.||Cadre||No. of posts|
|1||Joint Commissioner/ Executive Officer||10|
|2||Deputy Commissioner / Executive Officer||10|
|3||Asst. Commissioner/ Executive Officer||27|
|4||Executive Officer-Grade I||66|
|5||Executive Officer-Grade II||112|
|6||Executive Officer-Grade III||250|
|7||Executive Officer-Grade IV||154|
In Tamil Nadu, re are 56 Mutts and 19 specific endowments attached to m under control of Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Department. To ensure proper administration of se mutts, an Audit Section consisting of a Regional Audit Officer, two Audit Inspectors, and two Assistants is functioning in Headquarters to assist Commissioner
An Advisory Committee has been constituted by Government as provided in Tamil Nadu Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Act 1959 to render advice to Government on subjects related to religious and charitable institutions in Tamil Nadu. Advisory Committee will be constituted having Hon'ble Chief Minister Puratchi Talaivi Amma, as Chairman, Hon'ble Minister for Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments as Vice Chairman, Secretary to Government, Tamil Development, Religious Endowments and Information Department as Member, Commissioner Hindu Religious and Charitable Endowments Department as Member/Secretary and not more than 9 persons as non-official members.
Non-Hereditary Trustees for temples having an annual income of Rs.10,00,000/- and above and published under Section 46(iii) of Act, are appointed directly by Government.
Three Non-Hereditary Trustees for religious institutions having an annual income of Rs.2,00,000/- and less than Rs. 10,00,000/- and published under Section 46(ii) of Act, are appointed by Commissioner. In interest of public, two Additional Trustees are nominated by Government, if necessary.
For religious institutions published under Section 46(i) of Act having an annual income of Rs.10,000/- and less than Rs.2,00,000/- three Non-Hereditary Trustees shall be appointed by Regional Joint Commissioner and in interest of public, two Additional Trustees are nominated by Government, if necessary.
For non-listed religious institutions under Section 49(i) having an annual income of less than Rs.10,000/-, three Non-Hereditary trustees are appointed by Assistant Commissioners concerned. Two Non-Hereditary trustees are nominated by Government in interest of public, if necessary.